McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One fabricator and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The team is the second earliest active, and 2nd most successful Solution One group after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Drivers' Champions and eight Builders' Champions. The group is a completely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. More American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a screening accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This began the group's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Motorists' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every fabricators' title between 1984 and here 1994. Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually moved to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be utilizing Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until a minimum of 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.